Dietary Patterns in the Risk of Metabolic Syndrome

By Kyle J. Norton

A dietary pattern is the measurement of the quantity, variety, or combination of different foods and beverage in a diet as well as the frequency of the foods are habitually consumed.

Most common dietary patterns are
* The traditional diet, Wikipedia wrote, “Traditional foods are foods and dishes that are passed through generations or which have been consumed many generations. Traditional foods and dishes are traditional in nature, and may have a historic precedent in a national dish, regional cuisine or local cuisine”.
* The Western diet is a standard American diet (SAD) associated with high intakes of red meat, processed meat, pre-packaged and refined foods, fried foods, high-fat dairy products, high salt, and sugar.foods.

Metabolic syndrome is a cluster of conditions associated with the increased risk of cardiovascular disease and diabetes.

The health problems found in the group include too much fat around the waist, elevated blood pressure, high triglycerides, elevated blood sugar, and low HDL cholesterol.

In other words, if you have 3 of the conditions in the group, your risk of CVD and diabetes are increased substantially compared to those who have less.

According to the statistics, approximately 30% of people in the US are living with metabolic syndrome.

Believe it or not, among US adults aged 18 years or older, the prevalence of metabolic syndrome rose by more than 35% from 1988–1994 to 2007–2012, increasing from 25.3% to 34.2%.

Besides the aforementioned conditions, risks of metabolic syndrome may include age, family history, physical, inactivity, and women with polycystic ovary syndrome, epidemiologically.

As of today, treatment of metabolic syndrome commonly is prescribed medications to reduce blood pressure, cholesterol, and/or blood sugar with an aim to reduce the risk of developing further health complications and improve quality of life.

On finding a potent ingredient for the treatment of metabolic syndrome, researchers investigated the association between major dietary patterns, including several eating habits.

The cross-sectional study included a total of 425 subjects 35 to 55 y of age, using a food-frequency questionnaire in 5 dietary patterns.

Five major dietary patterns were examined by the Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, including

* A western pattern (high in sweets, butter, soda, mayonnaise, sugar, cookies, the tail of a lamb, hydrogenated fat, and eggs), 
* A prudent pattern (high in fish, peas, honey, nuts, juice, dry fruits, vegetable oil, liver and organic meat, and coconuts and low in hydrogenated fat and non-leafy vegetables), 
* A vegetarian pattern (high in potatoes, legumes, fruits rich in vitamin C, rice, green leafy vegetables, and fruits rich in vitamin A), 
* A high-fat dairy pattern (high in high-fat yogurt and high-fat milk and low in low-fat yogurt, peas, and bread), and 
* A chicken and plant pattern (high in chicken, fruits rich in vitamin A, green leafy vegetables, and mayonnaise and low in the beef, liver, and organic meat).
Based on  the tested differentiation and adjusting to other  confounders, 

* The western pattern has a strong and negative impact in increasing triacylglycerol and blood pressure.

* The prudent pattern was positively associated a low high-density lipoprotein cholesterol levels comapred to other dietary patterns.

* However, the vegetarian dietary pattern was inversely associated with a risk of an abnormal fasting blood glucose level.

Collectively, all dietary patterns are associated with positive or negative in increasing or decreasing the risk of metabolic syndrome.

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Author Biography
Kyle J. Norton (Scholar, Master of Nutrition, All right reserved)

Health article writer and researcher; Over 10.000 articles and research papers have been written and published online, including worldwide health, ezine articles, article base, health blogs, self-growth, best before it’s news, the karate GB daily, etc.,.
Named TOP 50 MEDICAL ESSAYS FOR ARTISTS & AUTHORS TO READ by Named 50 of the best health Tweeters Canada – Huffington Post
Nominated for shorty award over last 4 years
Some articles have been used as references in medical research, such as international journal Pharma and Bioscience, ISSN 0975-6299.

(1) Relationship between major dietary patterns and metabolic syndrome among individuals with impaired glucose tolerance by Amini M1, Esmaillzadeh A, Shafaeizadeh S, Behrooz J, Zare M. (PubMed)