Broccoli Sprout Protects Diabetics Against Diabetic Cardiomyopathy,

By Kyle J. Norton

Diabetes is a medical condition characterized by the failure of the body to utilize the insulin in converting glucose to energy, leading to high levels of glucose in the bloodstream.

Most cases of diabetes are associated with either beta cells of the pancreas died-off or insulin receptor site clogged-up by fat and cholesterol.

Diabetic complications in most cases are caused by long-term unmanaged hyperglycemia, a hallmark of diabetes.

Most common complication of diabetes is associated with the damage of tiny blood vessels that nourish the related organ and tissues, leading to the risk for developing microvascular and macrovascular complications. includes cardiovascular disease.

Diabetic cardiomyopathy is a complication of the heart muscle in people with diabetes, leading to heart failure that causes the reduced function of the heart to circulate blood through the body.
Most common symptoms of diabetic cardiomyopathy are the accumulation of fluid in the lungs or legs.

Dr. Adeghate E, in the examination of the diabetic cardiomyopathy associated with the structural changes in the myocardium of diabetes, wrote, ” If left unmanaged, DM can lead to numerous long-term complications including micro- and macro-angiopathy and heart failure (HF)”.

And, “Most diabetics usually die as a result of HF resulting from diabetes-induced coronary artery disease and cardiomyopathy. Coronary artery disease and cardiomyopathy are normally preceded by hyperglycemia (HG)”.

In other words, management diabetes by preventing the onset of hyperglycemia is the most effective way to reduce the risk of diabetic cardiomyopathy in diabetes.

More precisely, by following a healthy diet to normalize the levels of HbA1c level, accompanied by moderate exercise, risk of diabetic complication can be manageable.

Broccoli is a mustard/cabbage plant, belong to the family Brassicaceae. It has large flower heads, usually green in color and the mass of flower heads is surrounded by leaves and evolved from a wild cabbage plant on the continent of Europe.

With an aim to find a natural food for the prevention and treatment of diabetic cardiomyopathy, researchers examined the effect of broccoli sprout extract in an animal model.

The study included male db/db and age-matched wild-type (WT) mice given sulforaphane (SFN, an Nrf2 activator) and its natural source, broccoli sprout extract (BSE) by gavage every other day for 3 months, including vehicle (0.1 ml/10 g), BSE-low dose (estimated SFN availability at 0.5 mg/kg), BSE-high dose (estimated SFN availability at 1.0 mg/kg), and SFN (0.5 mg/kg).

According to the results of echocardiography and histopathological analysis, both BSE and SFN showed significant prevention of diabetes-induced cardiac dysfunction, hypertrophy, and fibrosis.

Furthermore, BSE, like SFN, significantly exhibited the Nrf2 transcriptional activity associated with protective effect oxidative damage triggered by injury and inflammation.

In other words, by stimulating Nrf2 function of the protein, BSE, and SFN significantly prevented cardiac oxidative damage and inflammation.

Moreover, BSE at high dose exerted the similar effect as those of SFN. particularly, in BSE at a high dose that works synergistically with SFN to prevent DCM.

Based on the findings, researchers said, “BSE could potentially be used as a natural and safe treatment against DCM via Nrf2 activation”.

Taken altogether, broccoli sprout processed abundantly SFN may be considered supplements for the prevention and treatment of diabetic cardiomyopathy, pending to the confirmation of the larger sample size and multicenter human study.

Intake of SFN in the form of supplement should be taken with extreme care to prevent overdose acute liver toxicity.
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Author Biography
Kyle J. Norton (Scholar, Master of Nutrition, All right reserved)

Health article writer and researcher; Over 10.000 articles and research papers have been written and published online, including worldwide health, ezine articles, article base, health blogs, self-growth, best before it’s news, the karate GB daily, etc.,.
Named TOP 50 MEDICAL ESSAYS FOR ARTISTS & AUTHORS TO READ by Named 50 of the best health Tweeters Canada – Huffington Post
Nominated for shorty award over last 4 years
Some articles have been used as references in medical research, such as international journal Pharma and Bioscience, ISSN 0975-6299.

(1) Broccoli sprout extract prevents diabetic cardiomyopathy via Nrf2 activation in db/db T2DM mice by Xu Z, Wang S, Ji H, Zhang Z, Chen J, Tan Y, Wintergerst K, Zheng Y, Sun J, Cai L. (PubMed)
(2) Structural changes in the myocardium during diabetes-induced cardiomyopathy by Adeghate E1, Singh J. (PubMed)